Diarrhea — or loose, watery bowel movements that occur more frequently than usual — is one of the most commonly reported ailments in the United States second only to respiratory infection , according to the American College of Gastroenterology ACG. While diarrhea does not typically cause serious complications for most patients, it can be a fatal ailment for young children, especially those who are malnourished or have compromised immune systems. Diarrhea is the second leading cause of death in children under five years old, killing around , children each year, according to the World Health Organization WHO. A bout of diarrhea that lasts no more than two weeks is referred to as acute diarrhea and is most often caused by a viral infection, according to the ACG. The most common diarrhea-causing virus for adults is norovirus, which is often referred to as "cruise ship diarrhea" due to its unfortunate tendency to infect sea-faring vacationers.
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Decreased urine output means that you produce less urine than normal. Most adults make at least mL of urine in 24 hours a little over 2 cups. A large decrease in urine output may be a sign of a serious condition. In some cases, it can be life threatening. Most of the time, urine output can be restored with prompt medical care. Approach to the patient with kidney disease.
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Cancer and cancer treatment can cause changes in stool like diarrhea or constipation. It can also cause blood in stool or urine, or urinary incontinence. Learn what to look for and how to manage problems. Constipation is the infrequent or difficult passage of hard stool poop , which often causes pain and discomfort.